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Zygopetalum

This page is meant to give you information and some useful tips about the care of the Zygopetalum. You will also find all the Zygopetalum species we offer in our assortment.

» Straight to care

Derivation of the name

The name of this gender derives from the Greek words ‘zygon’ (connected) and ‘petalum’ (flower leaf), which refers to the connected, intergrown sepals and petals.

Features and origin

Zygopetalum is a gender with around 15 species spread throughout the humid forests of Brazil, Paraguay, Argentina, Bolivia and Peru. They are mainly epiphytes, but sometimes terrestrial plants, with shiny, pleated leafs that can have different shapes.
These orchids have a rough shape of growth. The egg-shaped pseudobulbs lose their leafs. They produce an upstanding, 60 centimetre long flower stem that carries little to a couple of leafs. They are known for their scented, wax-like and long-lasting flowers, that can have numerous colours, amongst which green, purple, burgundy and raspberry with varying patterns.

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Care tips

Place

Zygopetalum need a halfshadow place. In summer, Zygopetalum can also be kept outside under a roof. In winter, they require as much light as possible.

Temperature

During the summer, the day temperature shouldn’t get too high. Think of a maximum of 25°C.  At night, the temperature should drop to around 15 ° C, so that the plants can cool down. In winter, the temperature requires to be somewhat lower. Cooler bedrooms are usually the perfect temperature. 

Humidity

We advise a humidity in between 40-80%. This varies per species within the gender.

Water

Always keep the soil slightly humid. This means that you water the plant at the moment the soil has almost dried up. In winter, they need less water.

Fertilizer

During the period of growth in summer and spring, fertilizer can be used once a week.
The fertilizer is important, because there won’t be enough sunlight for the Zygopetalum . Normally, the sunlight provides the Zygopetalum with sugars that are essential to create the growth of flower branches. Therefore it’s harder for the Zygopetalum to start blooming without the fertilizer.

Repotting

When Zygopetalum starts to grow out of their pot, they require to be repotted in rough bark (80%) and sphagnum (20%).You could also choose for another type of soil. Think of for instance Cymbidium Mic, sphagnum or peat. It’s whatever your plant grows best in. in general, the repotting happens about once a year.