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Epidendrum

This page is meant to give you information and some useful tips about the care of the Epidendrum. You will also find all the Epidendrum species we offer in our assortment.

» Straight to care

Derivation of the name

The name of this gender derives from the Greek words ‘epi’ (on) and ‘dendron’ (tree), literally on a tree, which refers to the epiphytical way of growth.

Features and origin

Epidendrum is a gender with around 700 species spread throughout the tropical and subtropical areas of America, from South Carolina to Argentina. They are often epiphytes, sometimes terrestrial and rarely lithophytes. Most Epidendrum grow in the Andes mountain range at an altitude of in between the 1000 and 3000 metres. The environment varies from humid jungles to dry tropical forests, to sunny grass slopes to cool misty forests. The appearance and size of the flowers varies a lot. Many species have flowers that are scented.

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Care tips

Place

Epidendrum need a light place on the windowsill. Direct sunlight requires to be avoided. In summer, many species can also be placed outside under a roof.

Temperature

The minimum temperature in winter lies in between the 12,5 and 18,5°C. In summer, a temperature of in between 20 and 25°C by day is ideal. At night, the temperature should drop a few degrees so that the plants can cool down.

Humidity

We advise a humidity in between 45-85%. This varies per species within the gender.

Water

During the period of growth in summer, Epidendrum requires to be kept fairly humid. In winter, Epidendrum need water every 14 days. The soil should be dried up lightly before watering again.

Fertilizer

In summer, you can use fertilizer 1 to 3 times a month. In winter, fertilizer is not necessary. That’s because the plant is in its resting period.
The fertilizer is important, because there won’t be enough sunlight for the Epidendrum. Normally, the sunlight provides the Epidendrum with sugars that are essential to create the growth of flower branches. Therefore it’s harder for the Epidendrum to start blooming without the fertilizer.

Repotting

Epidendrum require to be repotted once every 1-3 years in a mix of rough bark (65%) and fine bark (30%), along with a little sphagnum (5%).