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Paphiopedilum

This page is meant to give you information and some useful tips about the care of the Paphiopedilum. You will also find all the Paphiopedilum species we offer in our assortment.

» Straight to care

Derivation of the name

The name of this gender derives from Paphos, a city on the island Cyprus, ad of the Old-Greek ‘polidon’ (shoe), which refers to the remarkable, shoe-like shape of the lip.

Features and origin

Paphiopedilum is a gender with around 80 species spread throughout tropical and subtropical China, India, Southeast-Asia and Oceania. They are mainly terrestrial plants, with a few exceptions of some species that are epiphytes and lithophytes. These plants are often spotted and can be short and round or lanceolate. De flowers appear on a bunch, with one or some flowers.
The flower has an enlarged sepal, that is usually marked remarkably. The other sepals are generally small and hide behind the lip. The petals can be short and round, or long stretched and twisted. Like with other species out of the subfamily Cypripedioideae you see a remarkable lip. This lip looks like a pouch and is used to catch insects for pollination. At the moment an insect has crawled into the pouch, it can only go outside through a small gap. While it’s crawling outside, its body gets in contact with the pollinia. At a next flower, the insect will fertilize the pistil. 

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Care tips

Place

Paphiopedilum need a place in daylight.
In summer, cool Paphiopedilum can be kept outside under a roof.

Temperature

The temperature by day should be in between the 21,5°C and 28,5℃ the entire year.
At night, the temperature should drop to about 15°C tot 20℃, so that the plant scan cool off.

Humidity

We advise a humidity between 40% and 70%. This differs per species within the gender .

Water

Keep the soil consistently humid during summer. This means that you water the plant at the moment the soil has almost dried up.
In winter, you can give the Paphiopedilum less water.

Fertilizer

During the period of growth, in summer, you can fertilize the plant lightly twice a month. In winter, fertilizer is not necessary.
The fertilizer is important, because there won’t be enough sunlight for the Paphiopedilum. Normally, the sunlight provides the Paphiopedilum with sugars that are essential to create the growth of flower branches. Therefore it’s harder for the Paphiopedilum to start blooming without the fertilizer.

Repotting

The Paphiopedilum requires to be repotted on a yearly basis in spring or in autumn.